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Sinhala, Sri Lanka

Sinhala, Sri Lanka

Indo-European

Sinhala, Sri Lanka

“Resonance of the Island – Sri Lanka’s Sinhala Symphony”

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si-LK

Language Overview

Sinhala, an Indo-Aryan language, is one of the official and national languages of Sri Lanka. It’s spoken by about 17 million people, mainly in Sri Lanka, with a few speakers in the United Arab Emirates, the Maldives, and Thailand.
Market Insights
Media consumption in Sri Lanka is diverse, with a mix of Sinhala and English content. Television, radio, and online platforms are popular, with a growing interest in local language digital content.
Cultural Context
Sinhala culture values indirect communication and respect for social hierarchy. Understanding these nuances is essential for effective communication in Sinhala.
Writing System and Typography
Sinhala script is an abugida, where each consonant has an inherent vowel sound that can be changed with diacritics. The script flows left to right.
Phonetics and Phonology
Sinhala’s phonetic system includes retroflex sounds, which can be challenging for non-native speakers. The language has distinctive aspirated and unaspirated consonants.
Grammatical Structure
Sinhala generally follows an SOV (Subject-Object-Verb) sentence structure. It has complex rules for gender, number, and case inflections in nouns and verbs.
Media and Text Layout
Text typically expands when translating from English to Sinhala, approximately by 10-20%. Subtitle syncing must consider the syllabic nature of the Sinhala script.
Localization Challenges
Challenges in localization include adapting content to fit cultural contexts and the syntactical complexity of the language. Idiomatic expressions require careful translation.
Technical Considerations
Sinhala requires specific font support for its unique script. Compatibility with software and platforms is crucial, especially for accurate text rendering on web and mobile interfaces.
Other information
Sinhala is known for its rich oral tradition and literary history, deeply connected with Buddhist traditions in Sri Lanka.
Our Human Voices
  • SINFE03Hinni1
  • SINM02Himal1
  • SINFE02Dilipa1
  • SINM01Aloka1
  • SINFE01Athula
  • SINFE05Padma1
  • SINFE04Logini
  • SINF06Lora
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Additional Language Information
Ethnologue
Additional Country Information
Ethnologue
External Language Documentation
Open Language Archives

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